Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 6-K

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13A-16 OR 15D-16
UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the month of November 2023

Commission File Number: 001-41430

Pagaya Technologies Ltd.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Azrieli Sarona Bldg, 54th Floor
121 Derech Menachem Begin
Tel-Aviv 6701203, Israel
+972 (3) 715 0920
(Address of principal executive offices)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.
Form 20-F ☒ Form 40-F ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1): ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7): ☐



CONTENTS

Q3 Results

On November 2, 2023, Pagaya Technologies Ltd. (“Pagaya”) issued a press release titled “Pagaya Reports Third Quarter 2023 Results,” in which Pagaya reported its results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2023, and a Shareholder Letter. Copies of the press release and the Shareholder Letter are furnished as Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2, respectively, to this Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K (the “Report”) and shall not be deemed to “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall such information be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing made by Pagaya under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as may be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.

Pagaya’s Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements for the Three Months and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 included as Exhibit 99.3 of this Report, and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the Three Months and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and Risk Factors included as Exhibit 99.4 of this Report, shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference into Pagaya’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-274540), Form S-8 (File No. 333-265739), Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-266228), Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-266930), Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-271343) and Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-274862), and any related prospectuses, as such registration statements and prospectuses may be amended from time to time, and to be a part thereof from the date on which this Report is furnished, to the extent not superseded by information subsequently filed or furnished (to the extent Pagaya expressly states that it incorporates such furnished information by reference) by Pagaya under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

This Report and exhibits contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend” and similar expressions (as well as other words or expressions referencing future events, conditions or circumstances) are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on Pagaya’s expectations and assumptions as of the date of this Report. Each of these forward-looking statements involves risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. For a discussion of risk factors that may cause Pagaya’s actual results to differ from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements in this Report, you should refer to Pagaya’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including Pagaya’s most recent Form 20-F, particularly the section entitled “Risk Factors”. Except as required by law, Pagaya undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. You should, therefore, not rely on these forward-looking statements as representing Pagaya’s views as of any date subsequent to the date of this Report.

Changes to the Company’s Board of Directors

Mr. Juan Pujadas, who was elected to Pagaya’s shareholders to the board of directors (the “Board”) on September 13, 2023, has resigned from the Board effective as of November 1, 2023. Mr. Pujadas, age 61, advised that his resignation is due to personal reasons and not a result of any disagreement with the Company on any matter related to the operations or practices of the Company. The information under this heading “Changes to the Company’s Board of Directors” shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference into Pagaya’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-274540), Form S-8 (File No. 333-265739), Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-266228), Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-266930), Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-271343) and Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-274862), and any related prospectuses, as such registration statements and prospectuses may be amended from time to time, and to be a part thereof from the date on which this Report is furnished, to the extent not superseded by information subsequently filed or furnished (to the extent Pagaya expressly states that it incorporates such furnished information by reference) by Pagaya under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.






EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit No.Description
Press release, dated November 2, 2023, titled “Pagaya Reports Third Quarter 2023 Results”
Shareholder Letter, dated November 2, 2023
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and Risk Factors




SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
Date: November 2, 2023 By:/s/ Gal Krubiner
Name:Gal Krubiner
Title:Chief Executive Officer
By:/s/ Michael Kurlander
Name:Michael Kurlander
Title:Chief Financial Officer
            



Document



https://cdn.kscope.io/61d4c2da34ee5b9b5d8936044fefc5ff-image_0a.jpg


Pagaya Reports Third Quarter and Nine Months Ended 2023 Results

Exceeded third quarter guidance on all metrics:

Record Network Volume of $2.1 billion
Record Total Revenue and Other Income of $211.8 million
Record Adjusted EBITDA of $28.3 million
Announced new partner integrations, including a top 5 bank in the U.S. by total assets and a top 4 OEM auto captive by U.S. vehicle sales

Raises outlook for full-year 2023 Network Volume, Total Revenue and Other Income and Adjusted EBITDA

New York, NY and Tel Aviv, Israel – November 2, 2023 – Pagaya Technologies Ltd. (NASDAQ: PGY) (“Pagaya”, the “Company” or “we”), a global technology company delivering artificial intelligence infrastructure for the financial ecosystem, today announced financial results for the third quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and raised its outlook for Network Volume, Total Revenue and Other Income and Adjusted EBITDA.

“Our third quarter performance once again underscored the strength of our two-sided network. We exceeded our outlook across all metrics and achieved record network volume, revenue and adjusted EBITDA,” said Gal Krubiner, co-founder and CEO of Pagaya Technologies. “The strong momentum in our business and the integration of our product by new transformational partnerships are driving a step-change in our journey to transform the consumer finance ecosystem.”

Third Quarter 2023 Financial Highlights

All comparisons are made versus the same period in 2022 and on a year-over-year basis unless otherwise stated.

Record network volume of $2.1 billion (exceeding outlook of $1.9 billion to $2.0 billion), grew by 10%, driven primarily by continued growth of the Company’s largest strategic partners in its personal loan product and the ramp-up of newer partnerships.
The Company raised $4.9 billion across eleven asset-backed securitizations (“ABS”) in the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and was once again the number one personal loan ABS issuer in the US by issuance size in the third quarter.
Record total revenue and other income of $211.8 million (exceeding outlook of $190 million to $200 million), increased 4%, driven primarily by 9% growth in revenue from fees.
Revenue from fees less production costs (“FRLPC”) increased 29% to $72.7 million. FRLPC as a percentage of network volume (“FRLPC margin”) improved 50 basis points to 3.4%.
Record adjusted EBITDA of $28.3 million (exceeding outlook of $10 million to $20 million). This is an increase of $33 million compared to the prior year period, benefiting from the growth in FRLPC and operating leverage as the business scales. The Company also generated positive quarterly GAAP operating income for the first time as a public company.
1

    
Adjusted net income of $14.3 million, which excludes the impact of non-cash items such as share-based compensation expense, representing the second consecutive quarter of positive adjusted net income.
Net loss attributable to Pagaya shareholders of $21.8 million, compared to $74.8 million in the prior year period, due primarily to the continued improvement in operating results and lower non-cash expenses such as share-based compensation expense.

Full-Year 2023 Outlook

The Company is raising its outlook for Network Volume, Total Revenue and Other Income and Adjusted EBITDA:

FY23
Network VolumeExpected to be between $8.0 billion and $8.2 billion
Total Revenue and Other IncomeExpected to be between $800 million and $825 million
Adjusted EBITDAExpected to be between $65 million and $75 million

Webcast
The Company will hold a webcast and conference call today, November 2, 2023 at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time. A live webcast of the call will be available via the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at investor.pagaya.com. To listen to the live webcast, please go to the site at least five minutes prior to the scheduled start time in order to register, download and install any necessary audio software. Shortly before the call, the accompanying materials will be made available on the Company’s website. Shortly after the call, a replay of the webcast will be available for 90 days on the Company’s website.

The conference call can also be accessed by dialing 1-855-327-6837 or 1-631-891-4304. The telephone replay can be accessed by dialing 1-844-512-2921 or 1-412-317-6671 and providing the conference ID# 10022646. The telephone replay will be available starting shortly after the call until Thursday, November 16, 2023. A replay will also be available on the Investor Relations website following the call.

About Pagaya Technologies
Pagaya (NASDAQ: PGY) is a global technology company making life-changing financial products and services available to more people nationwide. By using machine learning, a vast data network and a sophisticated AI-driven approach, Pagaya provides comprehensive consumer credit and residential real estate solutions for its partners, their customers, and investors. Its proprietary API and capital solutions integrate into its network of partners to deliver seamless user experiences and greater access to the mainstream economy. Pagaya has offices in New York and Tel Aviv. For more information, visit pagaya.com.

Cautionary Note About Forward-Looking Statements
This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that involve risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements generally are identified by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “can,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “opportunity,” “future,” “strategy,” “might,” “outlook,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “strive,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including statements regarding: The Company’s strategy and future operations, including the Company’s ability to continue to deliver consistent results for its lending partners and investors; the Company’s ability to continue to drive sustainable gains in profitability; the Company’s ability to achieve continued momentum in its business; and the Company’s financial outlook for Network Volume, Total Revenue and Other Income and Adjusted EBITDA for the full year 2023. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause the Company's actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Risks, uncertainties and assumptions include factors relating to: the Company's ability to attract new partners and to retain and grow its relationships with existing partners to support the underlying investment needs for its securitizations and funds products; the need to maintain a consistently high
2

    
level of trust in its brand; the concentration of a large percentage of its investment revenue with a small number of partners and platforms; its ability to sustain its revenue growth rate or the growth rate of its related key operating metrics; its ability to improve, operate and implement its technology, its existing funding arrangements for the Company and its affiliates that may not be renewed or replaced or its existing funding sources that may be unwilling or unable to provide funding to it on terms acceptable to it, or at all; the performance of loans facilitated through its model; changes in market interest rates; its securitizations, warehouse credit facility agreements; the impact on its business of general economic conditions, including, but not limited to rising interest rates, inflation, supply chain disruptions, exchange rate fluctuations and labor shortages; the effect of and uncertainties related to public health crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic (including any government responses thereto); geopolitical conflicts such as the war in Israel; its ability to realize the potential benefits of past or future acquisitions; anticipated benefits and savings from our recently announced reduction in workforce; changes in the political, legal and regulatory framework for AI technology, machine learning, financial institutions and consumer protection; the ability to maintain the listing of our securities on Nasdaq; the financial performance of its partners, and fluctuations in the U.S. consumer credit and housing market; its ability to grow effectively through strategic alliances; seasonal fluctuations in our revenue as a result of consumer spending and saving patterns; pending and future litigation, regulatory actions and/or compliance issues including with respect to the merger with EJF Acquisition Corp.; and other risks that are described in and the Company’s Form 20-F filed on April 20, 2023 and subsequent filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Company’s Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K filed or to be filed on November 2, 2023. These forward-looking statements reflect the Company's views with respect to future events as of the date hereof and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. Given these uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements are made as of the date hereof, reflect the Company’s current beliefs and are based on information currently available as of the date they are made, and the Company assumes no obligation and does not intend to update these forward-looking statements.

Financial Information; Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Some of the unaudited financial information and data contained in this press release and Form 6-K, such as Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (“FRLPC”), FRLPC Margin, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income (Loss), have not been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). To supplement the unaudited consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, management uses the non-GAAP financial measures FRLPC, FRLPC Margin, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to provide investors with additional information about our financial performance and to enhance the overall understanding of the results of operations by highlighting the results from ongoing operations and the underlying profitability of our business. Management believes these non-GAAP measures provide an additional tool for investors to use in comparing our core financial performance over multiple periods. However, non-GAAP financial measures have limitations in their usefulness to investors because they have no standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP and are not prepared under any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles. In addition, non-GAAP financial measures may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be directly comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. As a result, non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed as supplementing, and not as an alternative or substitute for, our unaudited consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. To address these limitations, management provides a reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) attributable to Pagaya’s shareholders and a calculation of FRLPC and FRLPC Margin. Management encourages investors and others to review our financial information in its entirety, not to rely on any single financial measure and to view Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with its respective related GAAP financial measures.

Non-GAAP financial measures include the following items:

Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (“FRLPC”) is defined as revenue from fees less production costs. FRLPC Margin is defined as FRLPC divided by Network Volume.

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) is defined as net income (loss) attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.’s shareholders excluding share-based compensation expense, change in fair value of warrant liability, impairment, including credit-
3

    
related charges, restructuring expenses, transaction-related expenses, and non-recurring expenses associated with mergers and acquisitions.

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.’s shareholders excluding share-based compensation expense, change in fair value of warrant liability, impairment, including credit-related charges, restructuring expenses, transaction-related expenses, non-recurring expenses associated with mergers and acquisitions, interest expense, depreciation expense, and income tax expense (benefit).

These items are excluded from our Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA measures because they are noncash in nature, or because the amount and timing of these items is unpredictable, is not driven by core results of operations and renders comparisons with prior periods and competitors less meaningful.

We believe FRLPC, FRLPC Margin, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our results of operations, as well as providing a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of our business performance. Moreover, we have included FRLPC, FRLPC Margin, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA because these are key measurements used by our management internally to make operating decisions, including those related to operating expenses, evaluate performance, and perform strategic planning and annual budgeting. However, this non-GAAP financial information is presented for supplemental informational purposes only, should not be considered a substitute for or superior to financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP and may be different from similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The tables below provide reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd., its most directly comparable U.S. GAAP amount.

In addition, Pagaya provides outlook for the fiscal year 2023 on a non-GAAP basis. The Company cannot reconcile its expected Adjusted EBITDA to expected Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya under “Full-Year 2023 Outlook” without unreasonable effort because certain items that impact net income (loss) and other reconciling items are out of the Company's control and/or cannot be reasonably predicted at this time, which unavailable information could have a significant impact on the Company’s U.S. GAAP financial results.

Investors & Analysts
Jency John
Head of Investor Relations
IR@pagaya.com

Media & Press
Emily Passer
Head of PR & External Communications
Press@pagaya.com
4

    
PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Revenue
Revenue from fees$201,447 $185,614 $562,386 $507,241 
Other Income
Interest income10,375 13,666 30,965 43,127 
Investment income (loss)(65)4,675 656 5,670 
Total Revenue and Other Income211,757 203,955 594,007 556,038 
Production costs 128,792 129,115 374,462 326,375 
Research and development (1)18,039 38,643 56,833 127,379 
Sales and marketing (1)11,339 26,579 40,197 90,229 
General and administrative (1)53,425 73,790 157,567 236,863 
Total Costs and Operating Expenses211,595 268,127 629,059 780,846 
Operating Income (Loss)
162 (64,172)(35,052)(224,808)
Other income (loss), net
(47,260)3,233 (131,135)9,846 
Loss Before Income Taxes(47,098)(60,939)(166,187)(214,962)
Income tax expense (benefit)
(1,158)6,065 10,515 25,604 
Net Loss Including Noncontrolling Interests(45,940)(67,004)(176,702)(240,566)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(24,188)7,785 (62,682)27,757 
Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(268,323)
Per share data:
Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. shareholders$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(268,323)
Less: Undistributed earnings allocated to participated securities— — — (12,205)
Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. ordinary shareholders $(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(280,528)
Net loss per share:
Basic and Diluted (2)
$(0.03)$(0.11)$(0.16)$(0.73)
Non-GAAP adjusted net income (loss) (3)
$14,296 $(14,440)$4,167 $(28,981)
Non-GAAP adjusted net income (loss) per share:
Basic (2)
$0.02 $(0.02)$0.01 $(0.08)
Diluted (2)
$0.02 $(0.02)$0.01 $(0.08)
Weighted average shares outstanding (Class A and Class B):
Basic (2)
728,563,796 679,431,901 715,411,921 381,831,895 
Diluted (2)
796,392,671 964,179,889 738,147,927 666,968,467 

(1) The following table sets forth share-based compensation for the periods indicated below:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Research and development$3,467 $16,208 $8,915 $71,687 
Selling and marketing3,469 15,645 10,979 54,534 
General and administrative13,801 28,449 37,418 92,022 
Total$20,737 $60,302 $57,312 $218,243 

(2) Prior period amounts have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 1:186.9 stock split effected on June 22, 2022.

(3) See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
5

    
PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(In thousands)
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Assets(Unaudited)(Audited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$252,578 $309,793 
Restricted cash26,280 22,539 
Fees and other receivables67,460 59,219 
Investments in loans and securities249 1,007 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets27,353 27,258 
Income tax receivable4,073  
Total current assets377,993 419,816 
Restricted cash5,320 4,744 
Fees and other receivables35,393 38,774 
Investments in loans and securities665,405 462,969 
Equity method and other investments26,550 25,894 
Right-of-use assets54,587 61,077 
Property and equipment, net40,680 31,663 
Goodwill10,945 — 
Intangible assets3,189 — 
Prepaid expenses and other assets145 142 
Total non-current assets842,214 625,263 
Total Assets$1,220,207 $1,045,079 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$1,299 $1,739 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities29,332 49,496 
Operating lease liability - current6,213 8,530 
Secured borrowing - current44,193 61,829 
Income taxes payable - current591 6,424 
Total current liabilities81,628 128,018 
Non-current liabilities:
Warrant liability5,163 1,400 
Revolving credit facility100,000 15,000 
Secured borrowing - non-current227,356 77,802 
Operating lease liability - non-current41,116 49,097 
Income taxes payable - non-current18,261 7,771 
Deferred tax liabilities, net - non-current581 568 
Total non-current liabilities392,477 151,638 
Total Liabilities474,105 279,656 
Redeemable convertible preferred shares74,250 — 
Shareholders’ equity:
Additional paid-in capital1,060,166 968,432 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)3,985 (713)
Accumulated deficit(528,219)(414,199)
Total Pagaya Technologies Ltd. shareholders’ equity535,932 553,520 
Noncontrolling interests135,920 211,903 
Total shareholders’ equity671,852 765,423 
Total Liabilities, Redeemable Convertible Preferred Shares, and Shareholders’ Equity$1,220,207 $1,045,079 
6

    
PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(In thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20232022
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss including noncontrolling interests$(176,702)$(240,566)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:
Equity method income (loss)(655)(5,670)
Depreciation and amortization13,161 4,077 
Share-based compensation57,312 223,007 
Fair value adjustment to warrant liability3,763 (9,408)
Issuance of ordinary shares related to commitment shares— 1,000 
Impairment loss on available-for-sale debt securities115,644 10,706 
Write-off of capitalized software1,935 — 
Tax benefit related to release of valuation allowance(1,162)— 
Gain on foreign exchange(302)— 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Fees and other receivables(7,666)(31,832)
Deferred tax assets, net— (2,820)
Deferred tax liabilities, net13 — 
Prepaid expenses and other assets1,812 (18,530)
Right-of-use assets6,435 2,322 
Accounts payable(374)(9,097)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(16,682)23,250 
Operating lease liability(6,433)(6,204)
Income tax receivable / payable529 21,885 
Net cash used in operating activities(9,372)(37,880)
Cash flows from investing activities
Proceeds from the sale/maturity/prepayment of:
Investments in loans and securities134,101 88,538 
Short-term deposits— 5,020 
Equity method and other investments— 453 
Cash and restricted cash acquired from Darwin Homes, Inc. 1,608 — 
Payments for the purchase of:
Investments in loans and securities(436,242)(261,806)
Property and equipment(15,555)(18,266)
Equity method and other investments— (5,749)
Net cash used in investing activities(316,088)(191,810)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from sale of ordinary shares in connection with the Business Combination and PIPE Investment, net of issuance costs— 291,872 
Proceeds from secured borrowing314,276 94,094 
Proceeds received from noncontrolling interests19,235 92,988 
Proceeds from revolving credit facility110,000 26,000 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options2,538 1,480 
Distributions made to noncontrolling interests(39,321)(70,255)
Payments made to revolving credit facility(25,000)(26,000)
Payments made to secured borrowing(182,358)(18,245)
Settlement of share-based compensation in satisfaction of tax withholding requirements(650)— 
Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares from the Equity Financing Purchase Agreement3,793 — 
Proceeds from issuance of redeemable convertible preferred shares, net of issuance costs74,250 — 
Net cash provided by financing activities276,763 391,934 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(4,201)— 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(52,898)162,244 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period337,076 204,575 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$284,178 $366,819 
7

    
PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (UNAUDITED)
($ in thousands, unless otherwise noted)

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(268,323)
Adjusted to exclude the following:
Share-based compensation20,737 60,302 57,312 223,007 
Fair value adjustment to warrant liability1,328 (3,000)3,763 (9,408)
Impairment loss on certain investments9,130 — 39,778 — 
Write-off of capitalized software305 — 1,935 — 
Restructuring expenses484 — 5,450 — 
Transaction-related expenses2,472 — 4,497 — 
Non-recurring expenses1,592 3,047 5,452 25,743 
Adjusted Net Income (Loss)$14,296 $(14,440)$4,167 $(28,981)
Adjusted to exclude the following:
Interest expenses9,918 243 19,932 3,420 
Income tax expense (benefit) (1,158)6,065 10,515 25,604 
Depreciation and amortization5,205 2,929 13,189 4,077 
Adjusted EBITDA$28,261 $(5,203)$47,803 $4,120 

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (FRLPC):
Revenue from fees$201,447 $185,614 $562,386 $507,241 
Production costs 128,792 129,115 374,462 326,375 
Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (FRLPC)$72,655 $56,499 $187,924 $180,866 
Fee Revenue Less Production Costs Margin (FRLPC Margin):
Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (FRLPC)$72,655 $56,499 $187,924 $180,866 
Network Volume (in millions)2,112 1,924 5,919 5,521 
Fee Revenue Less Production Costs Margin (FRLPC Margin)3.4 %2.9 %3.2 %3.3 %


8
q3_earningsreportxv24
1 Q1 2023 Q3 2023 Q4 2023 Q2 2023 Q3 Letter to Shareholders PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD. DATE ISSUED November 2, 2023


 
2 Q3 Financial HighlightsOur third quarter performance once again underscored the strength of our two- sided network. We exceeded our outlook for the third quarter across all metrics and achieved record network volume, revenue and adjusted EBITDA. The strong momentum in our business and the integration of our product by new transformational partnerships are driving a step-change in our journey to transform the consumer finance ecosystem.” Gal Krubiner Co-founder and CEO “ $2.1B Record network volume of $2.1 billion (exceeding outlook of $1.9 billion to $2.0 billion), grew by 10% year-over-year, driven by continued growth of the Company’s largest strategic partners in its personal loan product and the ramp-up of new partnerships. $212M Record total revenue and other income of $212 million (exceeding outlook of $190 million to $200 million), grew by 4% year-over-year, driven primarily by 9% year-over-year growth in revenue from fees. $73M Revenue from fees less production costs (“FRLPC”) increased 29% year-over-year to $73 million. FRLPC as a percentage of network volume (“FRLPC margin”) improved 50 basis points year-over-year to 3.4%. $28M Adjusted EBITDA increased to $28 million (exceeding outlook of $10 million to $20 million), now exceeding $100 million on an annualized run- rate basis, based on the third quarter. This is an increase of $33 million compared to the third quarter of 2022, benefiting from the growth in FRLPC and operating leverage as the business scales. The Company also generated positive quarterly GAAP operating income for the first time as a public company. $14M Adjusted net income of $14 million, which represents the second consecutive quarter of positive adjusted net income.


 
3 Q3 Business Highlights (1) As of June 2023 Announced integration of our personal loan product with a top 5 bank in the U.S. based on total assets This new partnership delivers a step-change in scaling our network, as we are breaking barriers to increasingly serve large enterprise customers with our bank-ready product, with the potential to expand to other products or markets over time. Announced integration of our auto product with a top 4 OEM captive finance company by U.S. vehicle sales This represents the first OEM captive to utilize our technology. This integration marks a critical milestone for our auto product by accessing an OEM dealership network, with a focus on new vehicle sales. Announced integration of our auto product with Westlake Financial, with access to approximately 50,000 franchise and independent dealerships Westlake is one of the nation’s leading subprime auto lenders with a portfolio of nearly $24 billion in assets under management. The partnership will initially focus on Westlake’s network of franchise dealerships with the next wave of expansion expected to focus on its larger network of independent dealers. Announced the integration of our rental product with three industry-leading real estate investment firms: BLVD Residential, My Community Homes, a KKR backed company (“MCH”), and Rithm Capital Corp These partnerships will utilize Darwin’s technology to enhance the tenant experience and enable more consumers to rent homes. With these new partnerships, our rental B2B2C platform will manage over 13,000 homes, making Darwin a top 10 single- family rental operator in the country within the first year of its acquisition by Pagaya. Diversifying our revenue sources with innovative new products The depth and breadth of our connectivity across our lender network enables the testing and launch of new solutions, such as advisory services to optimize the loan life-cycle, designed to create value for our partners while providing new revenue streams for Pagaya.


 
4 Gal Krubiner Co-founder and CEO Dear fellow shareholder, In the third quarter, we delivered another set of strong results, with record quarterly network volume and revenue. We expanded our FRLPC margin and delivered record adjusted EBITDA, now run-rating at over $100 million on an annualized basis based on the third quarter. Importantly, we achieved a step-change in the expansion of our network with two new transformational partners joining our network last month - a top five bank in the U.S. and a top four auto OEM captive. We are now integrated with 28 lenders across 5 markets, with a funding network of 90+ unique institutional investors. 3.4% Highest FRLPC margin in the past 6 quarters >$100M Adjusted EBITDA annualized run-rate based on 3Q23


 
5 Our value proposition Our mission at Pagaya is to deliver more financial opportunity to more people, more often. To do so, we developed a two-sided network that offers lenders and investors a one-of-a-kind product suite. By integrating Pagaya’s product, lenders can expand access to credit to more borrowers, resulting in growth in originations and revenues, without incremental credit risk. At the same time, investors gain access to a continuous flow of AI-enabled consumer credit and real estate assets. A powerful two-sided network Lenders Investors Lenders use Pagaya’s technology to originate more loans without taking on incremental risk Investors use Pagaya’s technology to acquire diverse assets from 28 lenders across multiple markets • #1 issuer of personal loan ABS in the US • Issued ~$5B YTD across 11 ABS transactions Pagaya earns 3-4% on originated loans


 
6 In today’s environment, our product is more relevant than ever, as we benefit from two macro tailwinds for our business. First, banks are facing increasing pressure to tighten their lending standards amidst challenging market liquidity conditions and higher regulatory capital requirements. Second, private credit has an increasing mandate to deploy significant dry powder expeditiously, with a growing allocation to U.S. consumer credit. Our product offers a solution to both sides – we can help banks originate more loans without the burden of capital requirements and offer private credit a growing flow of billions of dollars of diverse consumer credit assets at attractive yields. If these macro trends continue, we expect increased demand for our product from both lenders and investors, as we partner together to support the financial needs of American consumers. With continued strong network expansion, improving unit economics and operating leverage at scale, Pagaya is a fundamentally transformed company, even compared to just three months ago. Our network is stronger, our product is in high demand, and we have carved a clear path to deliver sustainable, profitable growth. Network Volume $ billions $0.7 $1.1 $1.5 $1.6 $1.6 $1.9 $1.9 $1.8 $1.9 $2.0 $2.1 1Q’21 2Q’21 3Q’21 4Q’21 1Q’22 2Q’22 3Q’22 4Q’22 1Q’23 2Q’23 3Q’23 $2.21 4Q’23 outlook +10% +20% (1) Based on the implied outlook for the fourth quarter based on the Company’s full-year 2023 outlook, at the midpoint of the range


 
7 Our Growth Strategy Explained Our vision is for our product suite to be integrated with most major loan origination systems (“LOS”) in the U.S. Our growth is driven by: (1) expanding integration of our product with more lender LOS, which drives increased application volume, which in turn enables continuous refinement of our product suite to serve our lender needs, driving its stickiness; (2) an increasing flow of new data over time that, all else being equal, leads to a higher rate at which we can convert applications into loans; (3) while doing so in a cost-efficient way to create quality financial products for investors. Advancing on this vision is reflected in our following medium-term financial goals (on an annual basis): $25B Network Volume $1B FRLPC $500M Adjusted EBITDA To achieve our medium-term ambitions, we are focused on executing the following key strategic initiatives: 1. Expand our product integration to more lenders across markets: with a focus on large U.S. banks and auto captives to drive increased loan application flow; 2. Increase our conversion rate with technology: by incorporating incremental data from new, large partnerships to drive credit model enhancements; 3. Deliver quality, efficient financial products at scale: increase the efficiency and lower the cost of investors’ capital through innovative structuring, diversification and scale, which in turn drives increased investor demand. 1. Expanding our product integration We plan to drive growth by expanding our connectivity to U.S. lenders and continuously refining our product suite to meet their evolving needs. The depth and breadth of our connectivity across the financial ecosystem translates to a significant accumulation of knowledge about each lender’s end customer: whether it be consumers, dealerships, or merchants. We use this knowledge to develop tailor- made, distinct solutions, making our product sticky and in high demand. For example, in personal loans, we have spent the past few years developing what we believe is a best-in-class enterprise-grade product that solves for the stringent regulatory and capital requirements of FDIC-regulated banks. In auto, we are focused on enhancing product features that improve the dealership transaction experience, and in PoS lending, we are developing merchant-forward solutions.


 
8 With our existing partners, we are focused on driving application flow through product innovation and channel expansion, such as introducing our first-look product extension, our broadening set of marketing solutions, or cross-selling our solutions for other markets (like auto or PoS). Looking at all of our existing partners as of year-end 2022, they generated an estimated $65-$75 billion in annual originations. If we apply Pagaya’s average contribution to total volumes of its most mature partners of approximately 20%, the long-term network volume potential of these partnerships could range from $12-$16 billion. For new partner integrations, our focus is rolling out our product to our robust pipeline of large U.S. banks and auto captives. So far this year, we launched three new product integrations, in line with our target of 2-4 integrations annually. When we onboard a new partner, the first year - the integration year - is focused on expanding across the lender’s network of branches, dealers, or merchants, ensuring our product is live and operating successfully at each point-of-sale. In year two - the ramp-up year - we are focused on growing volumes with the lender as our models learn from the new flow, enabling an increasing conversion rate, all else being equal. By year 3 - the expansion year - most partnerships are fully ramped up and the focus turns to further expansion and product innovation to drive consistent growth in volumes. To put it into context, the partners and channels we onboarded in 2022 delivered an additional $800 million to our network volume in the first 9 months of 2023, and we expect this figure to grow to approximately $1 billion in full-year 2023. We expect that our recently announced cohort of 2023 integrations (Westlake Financial, top 5 bank, and top 4 auto captive), which are much larger in total size and volume potential compared to our 2022 cohort, has the potential to generate significantly more incremental network volume over the next 12-18 months.


 
9 For our 2024 plan, we expect that all of our network volume will be sourced from partners that are already part of our network as of today. Looking to our future pipeline, we are in discussions with 80% of the top 25 U.S. banks. We have more than 10 opportunities across banks and auto captives that are in our “deep funnel” – in the later stages of business case development and onboarding. Our latest-stage opportunities in our deep funnel (those we expect can be onboarded within the next 12-24 months) represent an opportunity of approximately $2-$3 billion in incremental annual network volume once fully ramped. On the lender side of our network, our growth will rely on our ability to deepen our existing lending relationships and the rate at which we convert our current deep funnel opportunities. Our Growth team has a proven track record of integrating 2-4 partners every year for the past 3 years. The progress we’ve made in advancing our product to this stage, so that it can deliver for lenders across markets, customer segments and sizes, reinforces my confidence in our ability to expand our network to new, large strategic partnerships over time. 80% of the top 25 U.S. banks are currently in Pagaya’s pipeline Path to our $25 billion medium-term ambition Total Network Volume ($B) $8.0-8.2 2023 $25 Medium-term ambition $7.3 2022 $4.9 2021 Note: Chart not at scale; for illustrative purposes only Existing partners as of 2021 2022 partner cohort (Ally Financial, Klarna, and others) 2023 partner cohort (Westlake, top 5 bank, auto captive) 2-4 of current deep funnel targets converted to partners Current early-stage pipeline targets Future pipeline leads $2-3 $3-6 $2-4 $12-16


 
10 2. Increasing conversion through technology As we receive higher application flow, we can enhance our credit decisioning capabilities through increased proprietary data, which can lead to both an improved conversion rate of applications and better returns for investors. Our models get smarter over time as we see more data – we can detect behavioral patterns, better predict the impact of macro trends on the ability of consumers to repay or detect instances of fraud. With time, as the predictive power of our AI models improves, we can increase our conversion rate by approving more loans at similar or higher expected returns. Higher conversion rates also lead to a strengthened competitive moat with our lenders. When we first plug into a new lender, our conversion rate tends to be lower than average as our models start to train on a new dataset. Over time, as shown in the illustration below, we expect the conversion rate for each lending partner, all else being equal, to steadily improve over time as our models learn on the incoming data flow. 3. Delivering high quality, efficient financial products at scale On the funding side for our network, we’re focused on driving innovation in structuring and issuing at scale to effectively reduce the cost of capital while still delivering similar asset returns. This includes issuing more rated transactions, issuing consistently across all market conditions, and optimizing for structures that meet investor needs. These initiatives make our investment products more attractive, driving increased demand. We’re also exploring new funding channels – such as forward flow arrangements that enable us to originate and deliver loans to investors based on their predetermined criteria – to diversify our offering to new investor types, such as large insurance companies. Pagaya’s conversion rate is expected to grow over time as we enhance our models with new data % conversion rate of applications into loans Time Conversion rate over time, all else being equal Potential impact of macro conditions


 
11 Q3 Progress on our Growth Strategy In the third quarter, we made meaningful progress in growing both sides of our network, as we continue to advance on our medium-term goals. 1. Expanding our product integration with new enterprise partnerships PERSONAL LOAN In personal loan, I’m pleased to announce that in October, we integrated our product with a top 5 bank in the U.S., based on total assets. This is our largest lending partnership to date by asset size. With Pagaya, banks can deepen relationships with existing customers by offering a broader array of products, in turn increasing customer lifetime value, while also providing more consumers with more access to mainstream financial products. AUTO In auto, we are also excited to announce the integration of our auto product with the captive financing arm of one of the world’s largest auto manufacturers. This OEM had over 1.5 million in annual vehicle sales in the U.S. in 2022, with more than 10% market share in new vehicle sales among large U.S. OEMs. We expect this integration will generate significant incremental application flow beyond our existing auto partnerships, as it will enable Pagaya to penetrate financing for new vehicle sales in the OEM’s 2,500 franchise dealerships across the nation. We are also excited about our recently launched partnership with Westlake Financial. Westlake is the number one subprime lender in the U.S. with independent dealerships and the number four with franchise dealerships, serving a network of approximately 50,000 total dealerships. The partnership will initially focus on franchise dealerships but is expected to expand to Westlake’s larger network of independent dealerships (complementing Pagaya’s existing presence in franchise dealerships with its other auto lending partners). The addition of several large auto partners over the past year is a testament to the attractiveness of our auto product - transforming Pagaya into one of the auto industry’s leading providers of AI-driven credit-decisioning technology. Onboarded Integrated our first OEM auto captive partner Top 4 OEM captive in the US by vehicle sales with >2,500 franchise dealerships Top 5 Bank in the U.S. by asset size


 
12 >$100B incremental annual application volume from 2022 and 2023 lender integrations PoS Application Flow Doubled Sequentially vs 2Q23 2x 3Q’232Q’23 Now serving >10 auto lenders with a presence in tens of thousands of franchise and independent dealerships POS In point-of-sale (“PoS”), we are seeing accelerated growth of our product, supported by our partnership with Klarna, the world’s leading buy-now-pay-later provider. Our total PoS application volume doubled sequentially in Q323 compared to the second quarter and grew by 6 times compared to the first quarter. Our PoS product is currently focused on the 6-month and 12-month term loan product. Given the success of our partnership to date, we are in discussions to further expand our collaboration, including exploring a program to target larger-ticket size loans as a prime opportunity to gain market share in the competitive PoS market in the U.S. In summary, the expansion of partnerships integrated in 2022 and 2023 is expected to drive a step-change in our network growth, with the potential to drive an additional ~$100 billion or more in application volume each year.


 
13 2. Model enhancements and data-driven improvements in conversion rate As mentioned above, to improve loan conversion, we’re continuously making enhancements to our data science and credit models. In the current environment, considering lower risk tolerance by our lending partners, we developed newer models that improve pricing by focusing on reducing delinquency rates and optimizing between channels. This translates to higher returns for every incremental unit of underwritten risk. For example, in Q3, we introduced an updated credit model in our personal loan product. This version focuses on better utilizing our network proprietary data to predict activation sensitivity (the probability a consumer will accept a loan offer) and loan return. We expect that these enhancements can lead to up to a 50 basis points increase in annualized asset returns. We also made critical updates to our auto underwriting technology. These updates include enriching our existing methodology with additional vehicle valuation data points, improving the predictive accuracy of asset performance over time. Applications Evaluated vs Conversion Rate % 1Q’21 2Q’21 3Q’21 4Q’21 1Q’22 2Q’22 3Q’22 4Q’22 1Q’23 2Q’23 3Q’23 Applications per quarter ($B) versus conversion rate (%) $182B Applications evaluated in 3Q23 <1% Conversion rate from applications to issued loans in 3Q23 Quaterly Application Volume ($B) Conversion Rate (%)


 
14 Cumulative Investor Base 1 2 5 5 6 6 7 22 36 42 47 47 50 52 67 67 77 81 89 93 1Q’19 2Q’19 3Q’19 4Q’19 1Q’20 2Q’20 3Q’20 4Q’20 1Q’21 2Q’21 3Q’21 4Q’21 1Q’22 2Q’22 3Q’22 4Q’22 1Q’23 2Q’23 3Q’23 4Q’23 3. Consistently raising capital with attractive financial products On the funding side of our network, we are consistently innovating to deliver fit- for-market structures that optimize the cost of capital for each transaction. In the third quarter we had a record quarter of ABS issuance, with $1.8 billion issued across four transactions. We were once again the number one personal loan ABS issuer by issuance size, solidifying our reputation as the benchmark issuer of this product. Our expertise in structuring and executing complex transactions is also reflected in the expansion of our credit union trade product - an off-the-shelf funding structure that can swiftly be deployed by any of our investors looking to be opportunistic in this market. Our growing scale has also allowed us to tap into the rated auto ABS market, including our recently rated $281 million RPM 2023-3 deal, which helps reduce the cost of capital for our auto ABS issuance. As a result of our scale, efficiency and innovative structuring, we are seeing growing investor demand. Our deals continue to be oversubscribed, with our last four deals oversubscribed by an average of 2x. We added six new investors to the network since August 2023, two of which were in the top-tier whole-life insurance and asset management industries, each with over $400 billion in total assets under management. These partnerships underscore the ability of our product to meet the needs of prominent financial institutions. $1.8B issued in 3Q23 across 4 ABS transactions


 
15 4. New Monetization Opportunities As we look to drive the next phase of growth at Pagaya, we’re continuously seeking opportunities to further monetize our product offering. During the past quarter, we tested and launched a new product in collaboration with select partners to offer data-driven advisory services to optimize the loan life-cycle. The successful execution of this initiative has already resulted in over $1 million in incremental EBITDA year-to-date. We believe this product has the potential to generate over $10 million of incremental EBITDA on an annualized basis. As part of our efforts to drive innovation and revenue diversification, we hired a seasoned product leader as our new Chief Product Officer, to lead this strategy and streamline our future product roadmap. This roadmap includes exploring opportunities to innovate outside of our current product offering, including potential expansion into new markets – such as home improvement PoS financing – that we believe can benefit from our tech- enabled network.


 
16 Well Positioned for Sustainable, Profitable Growth The future of Pagaya is bright. With strong execution enabled by a product-focused strategy, we are delivering on our mission to help consumers get access to more credit, while expanding our connectivity in the financial ecosystem. Looking ahead, we are confident in our trajectory and our plan to achieve our long-term objectives.


 
17 Michael Kurlander Chief Financial Officer Financial Results Our third quarter results once again demonstrated the strength of our two- sided network and the resiliency of our business model. We achieved record network volume for our lending partners. Application flow was approximately $182 billion in the third quarter, while our conversion rate remained below 1% and well below our historical average, reflecting our continued focus on optimizing for investor returns. Our unit economics are improving with our FRLPC margin at 3.4% in the third quarter, an increase of 50 basis points year-over-year and within our target range of 3-4%. We achieved our lowest operating expense level since becoming a public company, which, when combined with higher revenues and FRLPC, has resulted in continued improvement in operating leverage. We delivered a record quarter of adjusted EBITDA with a double-digit adjusted EBITDA margin for the first time, positive GAAP operating income, and we are driving closer to GAAP net income profitability.


 
18 NETWORK VOLUME Network volume reached an all-time high, growing by approximately 10% year-over-year to $2.1 billion, driven by continued growth of our top strategic partners, as well as the ramp-up of newer partnerships in auto, point-of-sale and single-family rental. TOTAL REVENUE AND OTHER INCOME Total revenue and other income grew 4% to $211.8 million driven by a 9% increase in revenue from fees, which comprised 95% of total revenue and other income. FRLPC Revenue from fees as a percentage of network volume, our take rate, was 9.5%, similar to last year’s 9.6%. Production costs as a percentage of network volume were 6.1%, a decline of 61 basis points versus the prior year. Our FRLPC (fee revenue less production costs) increased by 29% versus the prior year to $72.7 million, amounting to 3.4% of network volume (an improvement of 50 basis points year-over-year), driven by higher net lending product fees. In the third quarter, approximately 60% of our FRLPC margin was earned on our lender product, while 40% was earned from the investor side of our network. FRLPC earned on the lending side of our network surpassed 2% of network volume for the first time, as our product continues to be in high demand from our lending partners as a key enabler of their growth in this environment. Fees earned on our lending product: • AI Integration fees less production costs grew to $46 million this quarter, compared to $16 million in the prior year period, reflecting increased monetization of our product as we expand with each of our lending partners. Network Volume +10% 3Q’22 3Q’23 $1.9B $2.1B Total Revenue and Other Income 3Q’22 3Q’23 $204M $212M +4% FRLPC as % of Network Volume 3Q’22 3Q’23 2.9% 3.4% +50bps


 
19 Fees earned on the investor side of our network: • Capital markets execution fees, which are driven by the market pricing of our ABS transactions, were $10 million this quarter, compared to $21 million in the prior year period, as pricing continues to be impacted by the tight liquidity environment. • Contract & other fees earned for the management, administration and performance of our financing vehicles were $17 million this quarter, compared to $19 million in the prior year. Operating expenses, less share-based compensation, depreciation, and one-time expenses - our core operating expenses - declined by 23% year-over-year to $52 million. Core operating expenses as a percentage of revenue have now declined for five consecutive quarters to 25%. This is in the context of delivering a record level of network volume and total revenue this quarter, speaking to the inherent operating leverage in our business. The decrease in core operating expenses was driven by a reduction in both compensation and non-compensation expenses, as we continue to benefit from the cost-savings initiatives implemented earlier in the year and remain focused on disciplined expense management. Compensation expenses decreased by 28% and non-compensation expenses decreased by 18%, on a year-over-year basis. Share-based compensation expense was $20.7 million in the third quarter. ADJUSTED EBITDA As a result of the growth in FRLPC and this cost efficiency, we delivered record adjusted EBITDA of $28.3 million, up from negative $5.2 million last year and $17.5 million in the second quarter of 2023, with an adjusted EBITDA margin of 13%. Since becoming a public company, this is our first quarter achieving an adjusted EBITDA margin above 10%, as well as positive GAAP operating income. GAAP net loss shrank to its lowest level since Q2’22 at $21.8 million, down from $74.8 million last year. Excluding the impact of non-cash items such as share-based compensation expense, we reported our second consecutive quarter of positive adjusted net income of $14.3 million. -$5M Adjusted EBITDA 3Q’22 3Q’23 $28M +$33M


 
20 Financial Outlook With the strong momentum in our business year-to-date, we are raising our full-year outlook ranges for network volume, total revenue & other income and adjusted EBITDA. Full-year 2023 outlook FY23E $8.0B to $8.2B $800M to $825M $65M to $75M Network Volume Total Revenue and Other Income Adjusted EBITDA


 
21 Conference Call and Webcast Information The Company will hold a webcast and conference call today, November 2, 2023 at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time. A live webcast of the call will be available via the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at investor.pagaya.com. To listen to the live webcast, please go to the site at least five minutes prior to the scheduled start time to register, download and install any necessary audio software. Shortly before the call, a copy of the accompanying presentation will be made available on the Company’s website. Shortly after the call, a replay of the webcast will be available for 90 days on the Company’s website. The conference call can also be accessed by dialing 1-877-407-9208 or 1-201-493-6784. The telephone replay can be accessed by dialing 1-844-512-2921 or 1-412-317-6671 and providing the conference ID# 13739484. The telephone replay will be available starting shortly after the call until Thursday, November 16, 2023. A replay will also be available on the Investor Relations website following the call. About Pagaya Technologies Pagaya (NASDAQ: PGY) is a global technology company making life-changing financial products and services available to more people nationwide,as it reshapes the financial services ecosystem. By using machine learning, a vast data network and a sophisticated AI-driven approach, Pagaya provides comprehensive consumer credit and residential real estate solutions for its partners, their customers, and investors. Its proprietary API and capital solutions integrate into its network of partners to deliver seamless user experiences and greater access to the mainstream economy. Pagaya has offices in New York and Tel Aviv. For more information, visit pagaya.com. INVESTORS & ANALYSTS Jency John Head of Investor Relations ir@pagaya.com PRESS Emily Passer Head of PR & External Communications ir@pagaya.com


 
22 Cautionary Note About Forward-Looking Statements This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that involve risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements generally are identified by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “can,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “opportunity,” “future,” “strategy,” “might,” “outlook,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “strive,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including statements regarding: The Company’s strategy and future operations, including the Company’s ability to continue to deliver consistent results for its lending partners and investors; the Company’s ability to continue to drive sustainable gains in profitability; the Company’s ability to achieve continued momentum in its business; and the Company’s financial outlook for Network Volume, Total Revenue and Other Income and Adjusted EBITDA for the full year 2023. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Risks, uncertainties and assumptions include factors relating to: the Company’s ability to attract new partners and to retain and grow its relationships with existing partners to support the underlying investment needs for its securitizations and funds products; the need to maintain a consistently high level of trust in its brand; the concentration of a large percentage of its investment revenue with a small number of partners and platforms; its ability to sustain its revenue growth rate or the growth rate of its related key operating metrics; its ability to improve, operate and implement its technology, its existing funding arrangements for the Company and its affiliates that may not be renewed or replaced or its existing funding sources that may be unwilling or unable to provide funding to it on terms acceptable to it, or at all; the performance of loans facilitated through its model; changes in market interest rates; its securitizations, warehouse credit facility agreements; the impact on its business of general economic conditions, including, but not limited to rising interest rates, inflation, supply chain disruptions, exchange rate fluctuations and labor shortages; the effect of and uncertainties related to public health crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic (including any government responses thereto); geopolitical conflicts such as the war in Israel; its ability to realize the potential benefits of past or future acquisitions; anticipated benefits and savings from our recently announced reduction in workforce; changes in the political, legal and regulatory framework for AI technology, machine learning, financial institutions and consumer protection; the ability to maintain the listing of our securities on Nasdaq; the financial performance of its partners, and fluctuations in the U.S. consumer credit and housing market; its ability to grow effectively through strategic alliances; seasonal fluctuations in our revenue as a result of consumer spending and saving patterns; pending and future litigation, regulatory actions and/or compliance issues including with respect to the merger with EJF Acquisition Corp.; and other risks that are described in and the Company’s Form 20-F filed on April 20, 2023 and subsequent filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Company’s Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K filed or to be filed on November 2, 2023. These forward-looking statements reflect the Company’s views with respect to future events as of the date hereof and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. Given these uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements are made as of the date hereof, reflect the Company’s current beliefs and are based on information currently available as of the date they are made, and the Company assumes no obligation and does not intend to update these forward-looking statements.


 
23 Financial Information; Non-GAAP Financial Measures Some of the unaudited financial information and data contained in this press release and Form 6-K, such as Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (“FRLPC”), FRLPC Margin, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income (Loss), have not been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). To supplement the unaudited consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, management uses the non-GAAP financial measures FRLPC, FRLPC Margin, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to provide investors with additional information about our financial performance and to enhance the overall understanding of the results of operations by highlighting the results from ongoing operations and the underlying profitability of our business. Management believes these non-GAAP measures provide an additional tool for investors to use in comparing our core financial performance over multiple periods. However, non-GAAP financial measures have limitations in their usefulness to investors because they have no standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP and are not prepared under any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles. In addition, non-GAAP financial measures may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be directly comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. As a result, non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed as supplementing, and not as an alternative or substitute for, our unaudited consolidated financial statements prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. To address these limitations, management provides a reconciliation of Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) attributable to Pagaya’s shareholders and a calculation of FRLPC and FRLPC Margin. Management encourages investors and others to review our financial information in its entirety, not to rely on any single financial measure and to view Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with its respective related GAAP financial measures. Non-GAAP financial measures include the following items: Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (“FRLPC”) is defined as revenue from fees less production costs. FRLPC Margin is defined as FRLPC divided by Network Volume. Adjusted Net Income (Loss) is defined as net income (loss) attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.’s shareholders excluding share-based compensation expense, change in fair value of warrant liability, impairment, including credit- related charges, restructuring expenses, transaction- related expenses, and non-recurring expenses associated with mergers and acquisitions. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.’s shareholders excluding share-based compensation expense, change in fair value of warrant liability, impairment, including credit- related charges, restructuring expenses, transaction- related expenses, non-recurring expenses associated with mergers and acquisitions, interest expense, depreciation expense, and income tax expense (benefit). These items are excluded from our Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA measures because they are noncash in nature, or because the amount and timing of these items is unpredictable, is not driven by core results of operations and renders comparisons with prior periods and competitors less meaningful. We believe FRLPC, FRLPC Margin, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our results of operations, as well as providing a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of our business performance. Moreover, we have included FRLPC, FRLPC Margin, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted EBITDA because these are key measurements used by our management internally to make operating decisions, including those related to operating expenses, evaluate performance, and perform strategic planning and annual budgeting. However, this non-GAAP financial information is presented for supplemental informational purposes only, should not be considered a substitute for or superior to financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP and may be different from similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The tables below provide reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd., its most directly comparable U.S. GAAP amount. In addition, Pagaya provides outlook for the fiscal year 2023 on a non-GAAP basis. The Company cannot reconcile its expected Adjusted EBITDA to expected Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya under “Full-Year 2023 Outlook” without unreasonable effort because certain items that impact net income (loss) and other reconciling items are out of the Company’s control and/or cannot be reasonably predicted at this time, which unavailable information could have a significant impact on the Company’s U.S. GAAP financial results.


 
24 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30, (In thousands, except share and per share data) 2023 2022 2023 2022 Revenue Revenue from fees $ 201,447 $ 185,614 $ 562,386 $ 507,241 Other Income Interest income 10,375 13,666 30,965 43,127 Investment income (loss) (65) 4,675 656 5,670 Total Revenue and Other Income 211,757 203,955 594,007 556,038 Production costs 128,792 129,115 374,462 326,375 Research and development1 18,039 38,643 56,833 127,379 Sales and marketing1 11,339 26,579 40,197 90,229 General and administrative1 53,425 73,790 157,567 236,863 Total Costs and Operating Expenses 211,595 268,127 629,059 780,846 Operating Income (Loss) 162 (64,172) (35,052) (224,808) Other income (loss), net (47,260) 3,233 (131,135) 9,846 Loss Before Income Taxes (47,098) (60,939) (166,187) (214,962) Income tax expense (benefit) (1,158) 6,065 10,515 25,604 Net Loss Including Noncontrolling Interests (45,940) (67,004) (176,702) (240,566) Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests (24,188) 7,785 (62,682) 27,757 Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. $ (21,752) $ (74,789) $ (114,020) $ (268,323) Per share data: Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. shareholders $ (21,752) $ (74,789) $ (114,020) $ (268,323) Less: Undistributed earnings allocated to participated securities — — — (12,205) Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. ordinary shareholders $ (21,752) $ (74,789) $ (114,020) $ (280,528) Net loss per share: Basic and Diluted2 $ (0.03) $ (0.11) $ (0.16) $ (0.73) Non-GAAP adjusted net income (loss)3 $ 14,296 $ (14,440) $ 4,167 $ (28,981) Non-GAAP adjusted net income (loss) per share: Basic2 $ 0.02 $ (0.02) $ 0.01 $ (0.08) Diluted2 $ 0.02 $ (0.02) $ 0.01 $ (0.08) Weighted average shares outstanding (Class A and Class B): Basic2 728,563,796 679,431,901 715,411,921 381,831,895 Diluted2 796,392,671 964,179,889 738,147,927 666,968,467 1. The following table sets forth share-based compensation for the periods indicated below: Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 2022 2023 2022 Research and development $ 3,467 $ 16,208 $ 8,915 $ 71,687 Selling and marketing 3,469 15,645 10,979 54,534 General and administrative 13,801 28,449 37,418 92,022 Total $ 20,737 $ 60,302 $ 57,312 $ 218,243 2. Prior period amounts have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 1:186.9 stock split effected on June 22, 2022 3. See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.” Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)


 
25 September 30, 2023 December 31, 2022 (In thousands) (Unaudited) (Audited) Assets Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents $ 252,578 $ 309,793 Restricted cash 26,280 22,539 Fees and other receivables 67,460 59,219 Investments in loans and securities 249 1,007 Prepaid expenses and other current assets 27,353 27,258 Income tax receivable 4,073 — Total current assets 377,993 419,816 Restricted cash 5,320 4,744 Fees and other receivables 35,393 38,774 Investments in loans and securities 665,405 462,969 Equity method and other investments 26,550 25,894 Right-of-use assets 54,587 61,077 Property and equipment, net 40,680 31,663 Goodwill 10,945 — Intangible assets 3,189 — Prepaid expenses and other assets 145 142 Total non-current assets 842,214 625,263 Total Assets $ 1,220,207 $ 1,045,079 Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity Current liabilities: Accounts payable $1,299 $1,739 Accrued expenses and other liabilities 29,332 49,496 Operating lease liability - current 6,213 8,530 Secured borrowing - current 44,193 61,829 Income taxes payable - current 591 6,424 Total current liabilities 81,628 128,018 Non-current liabilities: Warrant liability 5,163 1,400 Revolving credit facility 100,000 15,000 Secured borrowing - non-current 227,356 77,802 Operating lease liability - non-current 41,116 49,097 Income taxes payable - non-current 18,261 7,771 Deferred tax liabilities, net - non-current 581 568 Total non-current liabilities 392,477 151,638 Total Liabilities 474,105 279,656 Redeemable convertible preferred shares 74,250 — Shareholders’ equity: Additional paid-in capital 1,060,166 968,432 Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) 3,985 (713) Accumulated deficit (528,219) (414,199) Total Pagaya Technologies Ltd. shareholders’ equity 535,932 553,520 Noncontrolling interests 135,920 211,903 Total shareholders’ equity 671,852 765,423 Total Liabilities, Redeemable Convertible Preferred Shares, and Shareholders’ Equity $ 1,220,207 $ 1,045,079 Consolidated Statements of Financial Position


 
26 Nine Months Ended September 30, (In thousands) 2023 2022 Cash flows from operating activities Net loss including noncontrolling interests $ (176,702) $ (240,566) Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities: Equity method income (loss) (655) (5,670) Depreciation and amortization 13,161 4,077 Share-based compensation 57,312 223,007 Fair value adjustment to warrant liability 3,763 (9,408) Issuance of ordinary shares related to commitment shares — 1,000 Impairment loss on available-for-sale debt securities 115,644 10,706 Write-off of capitalized software 1,935 — Tax benefit related to release of valuation allowance (1,162) — Gain on foreign exchange (302) — Change in operating assets and liabilities: Fees and other receivables (7,666) (31,832) Deferred tax assets, net — (2,820) Deferred tax liabilities, net 13 — Prepaid expenses and other assets 1,812 (18,530) Right-of-use assets 6,435 2,322 Accounts payable (374) (9,097) Accrued expenses and other liabilities (16,682) 23,250 Operating lease liability (6,433) (6,204) Income tax receivable / payable 529 21,885 Net cash used in operating activities (9,372) (37,880) Cash flows from investing activities Proceeds from the sale/maturity/prepayment of: Investments in loans and securities 134,101 88,538 Short-term deposits — 5,020 Equity method and other investments — 453 Cash and restricted cash acquired from Darwin Homes, Inc. 1,608 — Payments for the purchase of: Investments in loans and securities (436,242) (261,806) Property and equipment (15,555) (18,266) Equity method and other investments — (5,749) Net cash used in investing activities (316,088) (191,810) Cash flows from financing activities Proceeds from sale of ordinary shares in connection with the Business Combination and PIPE Investment, net of issuance costs — 291,872 Proceeds from secured borrowing 314,276 94,094 Proceeds received from noncontrolling interests 19,235 92,988 Proceeds from revolving credit facility 110,000 26,000 Proceeds from exercise of stock options 2,538 1,480 Distributions made to noncontrolling interests (39,321) (70,255) Payments made to revolving credit facility (25,000) (26,000) Payments made to secured borrowing (182,358) (18,245) Settlement of share-based compensation in satisfaction of tax withholding requirements (650) — Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares from the Equity Financing Purchase Agreement 3,793 — Proceeds from issuance of redeemable convertible preferred shares, net of issuance costs 74,250 — Net cash provided by financing activities 276,763 391,934 Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (4,201) — Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (52,898) 162,244 Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period 337,076 204,575 Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period $ 284,178 $ 366,819 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)


 
27 Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures (Unaudited) Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30, ($ in thousands, unless otherwise noted) 2023 2022 2023 2022 Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. $ (21,752) $ (74,789) $ (114,020) $ (268,323) Adjusted to exclude the following: Share-based compensation 20,737 60,302 57,312 223,007 Fair value adjustment to warrant liability 1,328 (3,000) 3,763 (9,408) Impairment loss on certain investments 9,130 — 39,778 — Write-off of capitalized software 305 — 1,935 — Restructuring expenses 484 — 5,450 — Transaction-related expenses 2,472 — 4,497 — Non-recurring expenses 1,592 3,047 5,452 25,743 Adjusted Net Income (Loss) $ 14,296 $ (14,440) $ 4,167 $ (28,981) Adjusted to exclude the following: Interest expenses 9,918 243 19,932 3,420 Income tax expense (benefit) (1,158) 6,065 10,515 25,604 Depreciation and amortization 5,205 2,929 13,189 4,077 Adjusted EBITDA $ 28,261 $ (5,203) $ 47,803 $ 4,120 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30, ($ in thousands, unless otherwise noted) 2023 2022 2023 2022 Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (FRLPC): Revenue from fees $ 201,447 $ 185,614 $ 562,386 $ 507,241 Production costs 128,792 129,115 374,462 326,375 Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (FRLPC) $ 72,655 $ 56,499 $ 187,924 $ 180,866 Fee Revenue Less Production Costs Margin (FRLPC Margin): Fee Revenue Less Production Costs (FRLPC) $ 72,655 $ 56,499 $ 187,924 $ 180,866 Network Volume (in millions) 2,112 1,924 5,919 5,521 Fee Revenue Less Production Costs Margin (FRLPC Margin) 3.4% 2.9% 3.2% 3.3%


 
Document

PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 2023 AND DECEMBER 31, 2022 (In thousands)
September 30,December 31,
20232022
Assets(Unaudited)(Audited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$252,578 $309,793 
Restricted cash26,280 22,539 
Fees and other receivables (including related party receivables of $50,934 and $49,427 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively)
67,460 59,219 
Investments in loans and securities249 1,007 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (including related party assets of $18,395 and $18,783 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively)
27,353 27,258 
Income tax receivable4,073 — 
Total current assets377,993 419,816 
Restricted cash5,320 4,744 
Fees and other receivables (including related party receivables of $34,980 and $38,332 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively)
35,393 38,774 
Investments in loans and securities665,405 462,969 
Equity method and other investments26,550 25,894 
Right-of-use assets54,587 61,077 
Property and equipment, net40,680 31,663 
Goodwill10,945 — 
Intangible assets3,189 — 
Prepaid expenses and other assets145 142 
Total non-current assets842,214 625,263 
Total Assets$1,220,207 $1,045,079 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$1,299 $1,739 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities (including related party liabilities of $668 and $636 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively)
29,332 49,496 
Operating lease liability - current6,213 8,530 
Secured borrowing - current44,193 61,829 
Income taxes payable - current591 6,424 
Total current liabilities81,628 128,018 
Non-current liabilities:
Warrant liability5,163 1,400 
Revolving credit facility100,000 15,000 
Secured borrowing - non-current227,356 77,802 
Operating lease liability - non-current41,116 49,097 
Income taxes payable - non-current18,261 7,771 
Deferred tax liabilities, net - non-current581 568 
Total non-current liabilities392,477 151,638 
Total Liabilities474,105 279,656 
Redeemable convertible preferred shares, no par value, 80,000,000 shares authorized, 60,000,000 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023; aggregate liquidation preference of $150,000 as of September 30, 2023.
74,250 — 
Shareholders’ equity:
Class A ordinary shares, no par value, 8,000,000,000 shares authorized, 561,622,225 and 508,377,199 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
— — 
Class B ordinary shares, no par value, 2,000,000,000 shares authorized, 151,827,730 and 174,934,392 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
— — 
Additional paid-in capital1,060,166 968,432 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)3,985 (713)
Accumulated deficit(528,219)(414,199)
Total Pagaya Technologies Ltd. shareholders’ equity535,932 553,520 
Noncontrolling interests135,920 211,903 
Total shareholders’ equity671,852 765,423 
Total Liabilities, Redeemable Convertible Preferred Shares, and Shareholders’ Equity$1,220,207 $1,045,079 
1


PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2023 AND 2022
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Revenue
Revenue from fees (including related party revenues of $157,590 and $171,300 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $459,581 and $492,300 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022)
$201,447 $185,614 $562,386 $507,241 
Other Income
Interest income10,375 13,666 30,965 43,127 
Investment income (loss) (1)(65)4,675 656 5,670 
Total Revenue and Other Income211,757 203,955 594,007 556,038 
Production costs128,792 129,115 374,462 326,375 
Research and development 18,039 38,643 56,833 127,379 
Sales and marketing11,339 26,579 40,197 90,229 
General and administrative53,425 73,790 157,567 236,863 
Total Costs and Operating Expenses211,595 268,127 629,059 780,846 
Operating Income (Loss)
162 (64,172)(35,052)(224,808)
Other income (loss), net
(47,260)3,233 (131,135)9,846 
Loss Before Income Taxes(47,098)(60,939)(166,187)(214,962)
Income tax expense (benefit)
(1,158)6,065 10,515 25,604 
Net Loss Including Noncontrolling Interests(45,940)(67,004)(176,702)(240,566)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(24,188)7,785 (62,682)27,757 
Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(268,323)
Per share data:
Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. shareholders$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(268,323)
Less: Undistributed earnings allocated to participated securities— — — (12,205)
Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. ordinary shareholders$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(280,528)
Net loss per share attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.:
Basic and Diluted (2)
$(0.03)$(0.11)$(0.16)$(0.73)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic and Diluted (2)
728,563,796 679,431,901 715,411,921 381,831,895 
(1) Includes income from proprietary investments.

(2) Prior period amounts have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 1:186.9 stock split effected on June 22, 2022.


2


PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
FOR THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2023 AND 2022
(In thousands)

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Net Loss Including Noncontrolling Interests$(45,940)$(67,004)$(176,702)$(240,566)
Other Comprehensive Income:
Unrealized gain on securities available for sale, net5,084 — 27,911 — 
Comprehensive Loss Including Noncontrolling Interests$(40,856)$(67,004)$(148,791)$(240,566)
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(21,126)7,785 (39,469)27,757 
Comprehensive Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.$(19,730)$(74,789)$(109,322)$(268,323)

3


PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN REDEEMABLE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED SHARES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2023 AND 2022
(In thousands, except share amounts)

Redeemable Convertible Preferred SharesOrdinary Shares
(Class A and Class B)
Additional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Total Pagaya Technologies Ltd. Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)Non-Controlling InterestsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
Shares(1)AmountShares(1)Amount
Balance – June 30, 202360,000,000 $74,250 708,909,068 $— $1,027,687 $1,963 $(506,467)$523,183 $179,940 $703,123 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of share options2,075,050 — 1,108 1,108 1,108 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon vesting of RSUs602,816 — — — 
Issuance of ordinary shares in connection with the acquisition of Darwin Homes, Inc.128,182 — — — 
Issuance of ordinary shares from the Equity Financing Purchase Agreement1,734,839 3,793 3,793 3,793 
Share-based compensation23,177 23,177 23,177 
Reversal of issuance costs associated with the Business Combination and PIPE Investment4,401 4,401 4,401 
Contributions of interests in consolidated VIEs— 3,942 3,942 
Return of capital to interests in consolidated VIEs— (26,836)(26,836)
Other comprehensive income (loss)2,022 2,022 3,062 5,084 
Net income (loss)(21,752)(21,752)(24,188)(45,940)
Balance – September 30, 202360,000,000 $74,250 713,449,955 $— $1,060,166 $3,985 $(528,219)$535,932 $135,920 $671,852 
4


Redeemable Convertible Preferred SharesOrdinary Shares
(Class A and Class B)
Additional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Total Pagaya Technologies Ltd. Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)Non-Controlling InterestsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
Shares(1)AmountShares(1)Amount
Balance – December 31, 2022— $— 683,311,591 $— $968,432 $(713)$(414,199)$553,520 $211,903 $765,423 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of warrants195,655 — — — 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of share options6,464,223 — 2,538 2,538 2,538 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon vesting of RSUs3,433,719 — — — 
Issuance of preferred shares, net of issuance costs of $750
60,000,000 74,250 — — — — 
Share-based compensation62,868 62,868 62,868 
Reversal of issuance costs associated with the Business Combination and PIPE Investment4,401 4,401 4,401 
Issuance of ordinary shares in connection with the acquisition of Darwin Homes, Inc. 18,309,928 — 18,134 18,134 18,134 
Issuance of ordinary shares from the Equity Financing Purchase Agreement1,734,839 3,793 3,793 3,793 
Reclassification of warrants— — — 
Reclassification of investments(1,881)(1,881)18,341 16,460 
Contributions of interests in consolidated VIEs— 19,235 19,235 
Return of capital to interests in consolidated VIEs— (55,749)(55,749)
Other comprehensive income (loss)6,579 6,579 4,872 11,451 
Net income (loss)(114,020)(114,020)(62,682)(176,702)
Balance – September 30, 202360,000,000 $74,250 713,449,955 $— $1,060,166 $3,985 $(528,219)$535,932 $135,920 $671,852 
5


Redeemable Convertible Preferred SharesOrdinary Shares
Additional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Total Pagaya Technologies Ltd. Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)Non-Controlling InterestsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
Shares(1)AmountShares(1)Amount
Balance – June 30, 2022653,914,375 $— $878,255 $— $(305,412)$572,843 $172,193 $745,036 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of warrants21,170,017 — — 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of share options5,573,732 1,034 1,034 1,034 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon vesting of RSUs91,655 — — 
Issuance of ordinary shares related to commitment shares46,536 1,000 1,000 1,000 
Share-based compensation67,092 67,092 67,092 
Contributions of interests in consolidated VIEs— 63,466 63,466 
Return of capital to interests in consolidated VIEs— (16,894)(16,894)
Net income (loss)(74,789)(74,789)7,785 (67,004)
Balance – September 30, 2022— $— 680,796,315 $— $947,381 $— $(380,201)$567,180 $226,550 $793,730 

6


Redeemable Convertible Preferred SharesOrdinary Shares
Additional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Total Pagaya Technologies Ltd. Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)Non-Controlling InterestsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
Shares(1)AmountShares(1)Amount
Balance – December 31, 2021406,399,029 $307,047 194,345,791 $— $113,170 $— $(111,878)$1,292 $176,060 $177,352 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of warrants21,170,017 — — 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of share options15,606,239 1,480 1,480 1,480 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon vesting of RSUs96,326 — — 
Issuance of ordinary shares related to commitment shares46,536 1,000 1,000 1,000 
Issuance of ordinary shares in connection with the Business Combination and PIPE Investment, net of issuance costs of $57,400
(406,399,029)(307,047)449,531,406 581,359 581,359 581,359 
Share-based compensation229,797 229,797 229,797 
Reclassification of warrants20,575 20,575 20,575 
Contributions of interests in consolidated VIEs— 92,988 92,988 
Return of capital to interests in consolidated VIEs— (70,255)(70,255)
Net income (loss)(268,323)(268,323)27,757 (240,566)
Balance – September 30, 2022— $— 680,796,315 $— $947,381 $— $(380,201)$567,180 $226,550 $793,730 
(1) Prior period amounts have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 1:186.9 stock split effected on June 22, 2022.
7


PAGAYA TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2023 AND 2022 (In thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20232022
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss including noncontrolling interests$(176,702)$(240,566)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:
Equity method income (loss)(655)(5,670)
Depreciation and amortization13,161 4,077 
Share-based compensation57,312 223,007 
Fair value adjustment to warrant liability3,763 (9,408)
Write-off of capitalized software1,935 — 
Issuance of ordinary shares related to commitment shares— 1,000 
Impairment loss on available-for-sale debt securities115,644 10,706 
Tax benefit related to release of valuation allowance(1,162)— 
Gain on foreign exchange(302)— 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Fees and other receivables(7,666)(31,832)
Deferred tax assets, net— (2,820)
Deferred tax liabilities, net13 — 
Prepaid expenses and other assets1,812 (18,530)
Right-of-use assets6,435 2,322 
Accounts payable(374)(9,097)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(16,682)23,250 
Operating lease liability(6,433)(6,204)
Income tax receivable / payable529 21,885 
Net cash used in operating activities(9,372)(37,880)
Cash flows from investing activities
Proceeds from the sale/maturity/prepayment of:
Investments in loans and securities134,101 88,538 
Short-term deposits— 5,020 
Equity method and other investments— 453 
Cash and restricted cash acquired from Darwin Homes, Inc. 1,608 — 
Payments for the purchase of:
Investments in loans and securities(436,242)(261,806)
Property and equipment(15,555)(18,266)
Equity method and other investments— (5,749)
Net cash used in investing activities(316,088)(191,810)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from sale of ordinary shares in connection with the Business Combination and PIPE Investment, net of issuance costs— 291,872 
Proceeds from secured borrowing314,276 94,094 
Proceeds received from noncontrolling interests19,235 92,988 
Proceeds from revolving credit facility110,000 26,000 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options2,538 1,480 
Distributions made to noncontrolling interests(39,321)(70,255)
Payments made to revolving credit facility(25,000)(26,000)
Payments made to secured borrowing(182,358)(18,245)
Settlement of share-based compensation in satisfaction of tax withholding requirements(650)— 
Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares from the Equity Financing Purchase Agreement3,793 — 
Proceeds from issuance of redeemable convertible preferred shares, net of issuance costs74,250 — 
Net cash provided by financing activities276,763 391,934 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(4,201)— 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(52,898)162,244 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period337,076 204,575 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$284,178 $366,819 
8



Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash within the consolidated statements of financial position to the amounts shown in the statements of cash flow above:
Cash and cash equivalents$252,578 $327,896 
Restricted cash - current26,280 34,161 
Restricted cash - non-current5,320 4,762 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$284,178 $366,819 
9
Document


PAGAYA’S MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 included as Exhibit 99.3 to the Report of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K furnished with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on November 2, 2023 (the “Report”) and the historical audited annual consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 20-F filed with the SEC on April 20, 2023 (“our Annual Report on Form 20-F”). Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business and related financing, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. As a result of many factors, including those factors set forth in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 20-F and our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K furnished with the SEC and the “Risk Factors” section set forth below in this Exhibit 99.4, our actual results could differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis. In this section “we,” “us,” “our” and “Pagaya” refer to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.

Company Overview
Pagaya makes life-changing financial products and services available to more people.

We have built, and we are continuing to scale, a leading AI and data network for the benefit of financial services and other service providers, their customers, and investors. Services providers integrated in our network, which we refer to as our ‘‘Partners,’’ range from high-growth financial technology companies to incumbent banks and financial institutions. We believe Partners benefit from our network to extend financial products to their customers, in turn helping those customers fulfill their financial needs. These assets originated by Partners with the assistance of Pagaya’s AI technology are eligible to be acquired by Financing Vehicles: (i) funds managed or advised by Pagaya or one of its affiliates, (ii) securitization vehicles sponsored or administered by Pagaya or one of its affiliates and (iii) other similar vehicles (“Financing Vehicles”).
In recent years, investments in digitization have improved the front-end delivery of financial products, upgrading customer experience and convenience. Notwithstanding these advances, we believe underlying approaches to the determination of creditworthiness for financial products are often outdated and overly manual. In our experience, providers of financial services tend to utilize a limited number of factors to make decisions, operate with siloed technology infrastructure and have data limited to their own experience. As a result, we believe financial services providers approve a smaller proportion of their application volume than is possible with the benefit of modern technology, such as our AI technology and data network.

At our core, we are a technology company that deploys sophisticated data science, machine learning and AI technology to drive better results across the financial ecosystem. We believe our solution drives a “win-win-win” for Partners, their customers and potential customers, and investors. First, by utilizing our network, Partners receive direct benefits from our network by approving more customer applications, which we believe drives superior revenue growth, enhanced brand affinity, opportunities to promote other financial products and decreased unit-level customer acquisition costs. Partners realize these benefits with limited incremental risk or funding requirements. Second, Partners’ customers benefit from enhanced and more convenient access to financial products. Third, investors benefit through gaining exposure to these assets originated by Partners with the assistance of our AI technology and acquired by the Financing Vehicles through our network.
Recent Developments

Acquisition of Darwin Homes, Inc.

On January 5, 2023, we consummated an acquisition pursuant to the certain Merger Agreement (the “Darwin Merger Agreement”), dated as of November 15, 2022, by and among Pagaya, Darwin Homes, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Darwin”), DH Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of Pagaya (“Darwin Merger Sub”), and Shareholder Representative Services LLC, a Colorado limited liability company, acting solely in its capacity as the representative, agent and attorney-in-fact of the stockholders of Darwin. On January 5, 2023, the following transactions occurred pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Darwin Merger Agreement:

at the effective time of the merger (the “Darwin Effective Time”), Darwin Merger Sub merged with and into Darwin (the “Darwin Merger”), with Darwin continuing as the surviving company after the Darwin Merger (“Darwin Surviving
1


Company”), and, as a result of the Darwin Merger, the Darwin Surviving Company became a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of Pagaya; and

at the Darwin Effective Time, preferred shares of Darwin’s capital stock (“Darwin Shares”) issued and outstanding prior to the Darwin Effective Time (other than any Darwin Shares that were (i) subject to options or warrants, (ii) held in Darwin’s treasury or owned by Pagaya, Darwin Merger Sub or Darwin immediately prior to the Darwin Effective Time or (iii) held by the equityholders of Darwin (the “Darwin Equityholders”) who perfected and did not withdraw a demand for appraisal rights pursuant to the applicable provisions of Delaware General Corporation Law), were cancelled and automatically converted into the right to receive Pagaya’s Class A Ordinary Shares, no par value (the “Class A Ordinary Shares”) such that, following the Darwin Effective Time, Pagaya issued approximately 18.2 million Class A Ordinary Shares and may issue an additional approximately 180,000 Class A Ordinary Shares to the Darwin Equityholders.

Reduction in Workforce

On January 18, 2023, we announced a reduction in workforce of approximately 20% of employees across our Israel and U.S. offices, as compared to our headcount as of December 31, 2022. This reduction in workforce is expected to enable us to streamline our operations in the current market environment to achieve our near-to-medium term growth priorities. The affected employees were notified on or before January 17, 2023, and all actions associated with the reduction were substantially completed in the first quarter of 2023.

We expect that this reduction in workforce will result in approximately $30 million of annualized cost savings. We incurred a severance-related charge of approximately $4 million, consisting primarily of one-time separation payments, in the first quarter of 2023. We may also incur other charges, costs or cash expenditures not currently contemplated due to events that may occur as a result of, or associated with, the reduction in workforce. See “Item 3.D.—Risk Factors—Our recent reduction in workforce, announced on January 18, 2023, may not result in anticipated savings or operational efficiencies, could result in total costs and expenses that are greater than expected, and could disrupt our business” in our Annual Report on Form 20-F.

Amended Letter Agreement

Pursuant to the Letter Agreement, dated June 1, 2020, we agreed to provide Radiance Star Pte. Ltd. (“Radiance”), an affiliate of GIC Private Limited, the right to purchase up to a certain amount of qualified securities in certain offerings by us and to provide Radiance with notice of any fund offerings or securitization offerings. On March 19, 2023, we and Radiance agreed to extend the term of this letter agreement by three years (the “Amended Letter Agreement”) to June 1, 2028 on the same terms and amount, including the issuance of 2,640,000 warrants to purchase the Class A Ordinary Shares at an exercise price of $0.01 that vest annually if certain investment thresholds by Radiance are met. There were no other material changes to the existing terms of the letter agreement.

Series A Preferred Share Purchase Agreement

On April 14, 2023 we entered into a Preferred Share Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Oak HC/FT Partners V, L.P., Oak HC/FT Partners V-A, L.P. and Oak HC/FT Partners V-B, L.P (together, the “Investor”) pursuant to which we agreed, subject to Shareholder Approval (as defined below), to issue and sell to the Investor an aggregate of 60,000,000 Series A Preferred Shares, no par value (the “Series A Preferred Shares”), at a price of $1.25 per share (subject to applicable adjustment as provided in the A&R Articles) (as defined below), for an aggregate purchase price of $75 million (the “Transaction”). Subject to shareholder approval of certain Amended and Restated Articles of Association of Pagaya (the “A&R Articles”), the Series A Preferred Shares will have the rights and preferences set forth in the A&R Articles. Pursuant to the A&R Articles, there are 80,000,000 authorized Series A Preferred Shares and we may issue and sell the balance of the authorized but unissued Series A Preferred Shares from time to time in the future.

The Investor is affiliated with Oak HC/FT Partners II, L.P. (“Oak”), an entity that holds approximately 12% of the Class A Ordinary Shares and approximately 3% of the voting power of Pagaya as of the date of the Purchase Agreement. Mr. Dan Petrozzo, a member of our board of directors (“Pagaya Board”) and the Audit Committee of the Pagaya Board, is a partner at Oak. Following their review of applicable considerations pursuant to our policies and applicable Israeli law, the disinterested members of the Audit Committee and of the Pagaya Board approved the Purchase Agreement and the exhibits, schedules and ancillary documents thereto, and the Pagaya Board recommended to our shareholders to adopt the A&R Articles and approve the Transaction and the matters contemplated thereby. As required by the Purchase Agreement and Israeli law, a meeting of shareholders was held on May 24, 2023 and the transaction was completed the following day.

2


In connection with the execution of the Purchase Agreement, Gal Krubiner, Avital Pardo and Yahav Yulzari, our three founders, entered into a voting agreement (the “Voting Agreement”) with the Company, pursuant to which the founders agreed to vote at a meeting of the shareholders (i) in favor of (a) the adoption of the A&R Articles and (b) any other matter reasonably necessary to the consummation of the Transaction and considered and voted upon by our shareholders, and (ii) against any action, proposal, transaction or agreement that could reasonably be expected to impede, interfere with, delay, discourage, adversely affect or inhibit the timely consummation of the Transaction.

The foregoing does not purport to be a complete description of the rights and obligations of the parties to the Purchase Agreement and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Purchase Agreement, a copy of which is attached as Exhibit 4.17 to our Annual Report on Form 20-F. The foregoing description of the terms pertaining to the Series A Preferred Shares is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the A&R Articles, a copy of which is attached as an exhibit to the Purchase Agreement. The foregoing description of the Voting Agreement is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Voting Agreement, a copy of which is attached as Exhibit 4.18 to our Annual Report on Form 20-F. Also, see the Form 6-K filed with the SEC on April 20, 2023.

Evolving War in Israel

On October 7, 2023, a terrorist organization primarily based in the Gaza Strip launched a series of attacks on Israel, including in areas where our employees and independent contractors are located. As a result of such attack, on October 8, 2023, Israel officially declared war. Israel’s military response has included, among other things, calling on a large number of army reservists, including approximately 15% of Pagaya employees based in Israel as of the date of this Report.

While the Company’s business operations have not been materially impacted due to this evolving conflict as of the date of this Report, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may be adversely affected due to the ongoing nature of this conflict. Pagaya’s technology infrastructure, including its data, cloud and platform, are located in the United States, with backup systems in place. As a two-sided lending network, Pagaya has experienced no disruption as of the date of this Report, either from its lending partners or investors.

See the section entitled “Risk Factors” included in our Annual Report on Form 20-F, any updates in our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K, and the section entitled “Risk Factors” set forth below in this Exhibit 99.4 to the Report.


Emerging Growth Company Status

We qualify as an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies,” including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the prices of our securities may be more volatile.

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. We have elected not to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, we, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of our financial statements with certain other public companies difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of: (i) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of June 22, 2022, (b) in which we have an annual total gross revenue of at least $1.235 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our ordinary equity that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of the second fiscal quarter of such fiscal year; and (ii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the prior three-year period. References herein to “emerging growth company” have the meaning associated with it in the JOBS Act.
3



Foreign Private Issuer Exemptions

We report as a “foreign private issuer” under U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission rules. Consequently, we are subject to the reporting requirements under the Exchange Act applicable to foreign private issuers. As a result, we are not required to file our annual report on Form 20-F until 120 days after the end of each fiscal year and we will furnish reports on Form 6-K to the SEC regarding certain information required to be publicly disclosed by us in Israel or that is distributed or required to be distributed by us to our shareholders. Based on our foreign private issuer status, we will not be required to (i) file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as a U.S. company whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act, (ii) comply with Regulation FD, which addresses certain restrictions on the selective disclosure of material information or (iii) comply with SEC rules relating to proxy solicitation in connection with shareholder meetings and presentation of shareholder proposals. In addition, among other matters, based on our foreign private issuer status, our officers, directors and principal shareholders will be exempt from the reporting and “short-swing” profit recovery provisions of Section 16 of the Exchange Act and the rules under the Exchange Act with respect to their purchases and sales of the Ordinary Shares.

Our Economic Model

Pagaya’s revenues are primarily derived from Network Volume. We define Network Volume as the gross dollar value of assets originated by our Partners1 with the assistance of our artificial intelligence (“AI”) technology2 and, with respect to single family residential real estate operations, the gross dollar value of services, which may include the value of newly onboarded properties onto our Darwin platform. We generate revenue from network AI fees, contract fees, interest income and investment income. Revenue from fees is comprised of network AI fees and contract fees. Network AI fees can be further broken down into two fee streams: AI integration fees and capital markets execution fees.

We primarily earn AI integration fees for the creation and delivery of the assets that comprise our Network Volume.

Capital markets execution and contract fees are primarily earned from investors. Multiple funding channels are utilized to enable the purchase of network assets from our Partners, such as asset backed securitizations (“ABS”). Capital markets execution fees are primarily earned from the market pricing of ABS transactions while contract fees are management, performance and similar fees.
Additionally, we earn interest income from our risk retention holdings and our corporate cash balances and investment income associated with our ownership interests in certain Financing Vehicles and other proprietary investments.

We incur costs when Network Volume is acquired by the Financing Vehicles. These costs, which we refer to as ‘‘Production Costs,’’ compensate our Partners for acquiring and originating assets. Accordingly, the amount and growth of our Production Costs are highly correlated to Network Volume.

Additionally, we have built what we believe to be a leading data science and AI organization that has enabled us to assist our Partners as they make decisions to extend credit to consumers or for the identification and purchase, or property management, of single-family residential properties. Headcount, technology overhead and research and development expenses represent the significant portion of our expenses outside of Production Costs.
Key Factors Affecting Our Performance
Expanded Usage of Our Network by Our Existing Partners
Our AI technology enables certain Partners to convert a larger proportion of their application volume into originated loans, enabling them to expand their ecosystem and generate incremental revenues. Our Partners have historically seen rapid scaling of origination volume on our network shortly after onboarding and the contribution of Pagaya’s network to Partners’ total origination volume tends to increase over time.
1 “Partners” refers to financial institutions including, among others, banks, peer-to-peer lending networks, online marketplaces, non-bank finance companies, fintechs, financing intermediaries, consumer product companies, brokers, agents and credit unions that have entered into arrangements to utilize Pagaya’s AI technology and network to assist them in creating and originating credit and other assets that may be acquired by a Financing Vehicle.
2 Our proprietary technology uses machine learning models as a subset of artificial intelligence that go through extensive testing, validation, and governance processes before they can be used or modified. The machine learning models are static and do not have the ability to self-correct, self-improve, and/or learn over time. Any change to the models requires human intervention, testing, validation, and governance approvals before a change can be made.
4


Adoption of Our Network by Partners
We devote significant time to, and have a team that focuses on, onboarding and managing Partners to our network. We believe that our success in adding new Partners to our network is driven by our distinctive value proposition: driving significant revenue uplift to our Partners at limited incremental cost or credit risk to the Partner. Our success adding new Partners has contributed to our overall Network Volume growth and driven our ability to rapidly scale new asset classes. In 2022, we onboarded six new Partners, including Klarna and Ally Financial. Approximately $800 million of Network Volume was generated by new Partners and channels on our network in the first nine months of 2023.
Continued Improvements to Our AI Technology
We believe our historical growth has been significantly influenced by improvements to our AI technology, which are in turn driven both by the deepening of our proprietary data network and the strengthening of our AI technology. As our existing Partners grow their usage of our network, new Partners join our network, and as we expand our network into new asset classes, the value of our data asset increases. Our technology improvements thus benefit from a flywheel effect that is characteristic of AI technology, in that improvements are derived from a continually increasing base of training data for our technology. We have found, and we expect to continue to experience, that more data leads to more efficient pricing and greater Network Volume. Since inception, we have evaluated more than $1.5 trillion in application volume.
In addition to the accumulation of data, we make improvements to our technology by leveraging the experience of our research and development specialists. Our research team is central to accelerating the sophistication of our AI technology and expanding into new markets and use cases. We are reliant on these experts’ success in making these improvements to our technology over time.
Availability and Pricing of Funding from Investors

In a sustained high interest rate environment, the availability and pricing of funding from investors is critical to our growth, as Financing Vehicles only acquire an asset if funding is available for that specific asset. We continue to seek to diversify funding channels and counterparties as our business grows. Since the beginning of 2019, we have raised more than $18 billion from investors, but the availability of funding is not guaranteed and is subject to market conditions.
Performance of Assets Originated with the Assistance of Our AI Technology
The availability of funding from investors is a function of demand for consumer credit and residential real estate assets, as well as the performance of such assets originated with the assistance of our AI technology and purchased by Financing Vehicles. Our AI technology and data-driven insights are designed to enable relative outperformance versus the broader market. We believe that investors in Financing Vehicles view our AI technology as an important component in delivering assets that meet their investment criteria. To the extent that assets acquired by the Financing Vehicles underperform investors’ expectations, the availability of funding may be adversely affected. See “Item 3.D.—Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Operations of Our Business” section in our Annual Report on Form 20-F, any updates included in our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K, and the section entitled “Risk Factors” set forth below in this Exhibit 99.4 to the Report.
Impact of Macroeconomic Cycles and Global and Regional Conditions

We expect economic cycles to affect our financial performance and related metrics. Macroeconomic conditions, including, but not limited to the evolving conflict in Israel, rising interest rates, inflation, supply chain disruptions, labor shortages, bank failures, U.S. deficit concerns, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine, may impact consumer demand for financial products, our Partners’ ability to generate and convert customer application volume, as well as the availability of funding from our investors through the Financing Vehicles. On October 7, 2023, a terrorist organization primarily based in the Gaza Strip launched a series of attacks on Israel, igniting a war with Israel. The conflict is rapidly evolving and developing, and the intensity and duration of the current war and any escalation is difficult to predict, as are its economic impacts on the Company’s business and operations and on regional and global political and economic conditions in general. Although the Company’s business operations have not been materially impacted due to this evolving conflict as of the date of this Report, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may be adversely affected due to the ongoing nature of this conflict. The recent rise in inflation and corresponding rapid rise in interest rates may increase financing costs and adversely impact the ability of borrowers to service their debt, which could lead to deterioration of the credit performance of loans and impact investor returns, and therefore may result in lower demand from investors for assets generated on our platform and lead to constraints on our ability to fund new Network Volume. In addition, rising inflation may create an escalation in our operating costs, including employee compensation, financing costs, and general corporate expenses, which could reduce our cash flow and operating income. As of the date of this report, we have not experienced material impacts to our business performance from inflationary pressure. Higher interest rates often lead to higher payment obligations, which may reduce the ability of borrowers to remain current on their obligations and
5


therefore, lead to increased delinquencies, defaults, customer bankruptcies, charge-offs, and decreasing recoveries. Any impact to investor returns may lead to an adverse impact on our earnings. The increased risk-free rate of return may impact investor demand for risk assets such as consumer credit, which may constrain our ability to raise new funding for Network Volume. While our ability to raise new funding has not been materially impacted, the cost of capital has increased due to the higher interest rate environment which has led to a reduction in conversion ratio to meet investor return hurdles, more than offset by an increase in application volume to our network from our Partners, resulting in net growth in Network Volume this year. We continue to closely monitor the invasion of Ukraine by Russia in February 2022 and its global impacts. While the outcome remains highly uncertain, we do not believe the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict will have a material impact on our business and results of operation. However, if the Russia-Ukraine conflict continues or worsens, leading to greater global economic disruptions and uncertainty, our business and results of operations could be materially impacted. Adverse developments that affect financial institutions, transactional counterparties or other third parties, such as bank failures and protracted U.S. federal debt ceiling negotiations, or concerns or speculation about any similar events or risks, could lead to credit downgrades and market-wide liquidity problems, which in turn may cause Partners and their customers and other third parties to become unable to meet their obligations under various types of financial arrangements as well as general disruptions or instability in the financial markets, which may adversely affect our business. A prolonged economic downturn may also adversely affect the performance of assets that Financing Vehicles acquire from our network. At the same time, such events, including the COVID-19 pandemic or the inflationary environment, provide key data that we can utilize to improve our AI technology, and they may also help to validate the outcomes our network drives for both Partners and investors. For a further discussion of uncertainties and other factors that could impact our operating results, see “Item 3.D.—Risk Factors” section in our Annual Report on Form 20-F, any updates included in our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K, and the section entitled “Risk Factors” set forth below in this Exhibit 99.4 to the Report.


Key Operating Metrics
We collect and analyze operating and financial data of our business to assess our performance, formulate financial projections and make strategic decisions. In addition to total revenues, net operating income (loss), other measures under U.S. GAAP, and certain non-GAAP financial measures (see discussion and reconciliation herein titled “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”) The following table sets forth a key operating metric we use to evaluate our business.

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20232022% Change20232022% Change
($ in millions)
Network Volume$2,112 $1,924 9.8 %$5,919 $5,521 7.2%
Network Volume
We believe the Network Volume metric to be a suitable proxy for our overall scale and reach, as we generate revenue primarily on the basis of Network Volume. Network Volume is primarily driven by our relationships with our Partners, and we believe that this has benefited from continuous improvements to our AI technology, enabling our network to more effectively identify assets for acquisition by the Financing Vehicles, thereby providing additional investment opportunities to investors. Network Volume is comprised of assets across several asset classes, including personal loans, auto loans, residential real estate, credit card receivables and point of sale receivables.
Components of Results of Operations
Revenue

We generate revenue from network AI fees, contract fees, interest income and investment income. Network AI fees and contract fees are presented together as Revenue from fees in the consolidated financial statements. Revenue from fees is recognized after applying the five-step model consistent with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Consumers” (“ASC 606”).
Network AI fees. Network AI fees can be further broken down into two fee streams: AI integration fees and capital markets execution fees. We earn AI integration fees for the creation and delivery of the assets that comprise our Network Volume. Multiple funding channels are used to enable the purchase of network assets from our Partners, such as ABS. Capital markets execution fees are earned from the market pricing of ABS transactions.
6


Contract fees. Contract fees primarily include administration and management fees, and performance fees. Administration and management fees are contracted upon the establishment of Financing Vehicles and are earned and collected over their remaining lives. Performance fees are earned when certain Financing Vehicles exceed contractual return hurdles and a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized is not expected to occur.
We also earn interest income from our risk retention holdings and cash balances and investment income associated with our ownership interests in certain Financing Vehicles and other proprietary investments.
Costs and Operating Expenses
Costs and operating expenses consist of Production Costs, research and development expenses, sales and marketing expenses, and general and administrative expenses. Salaries and personnel-related costs, including benefits, bonuses, share-based compensation, and outsourcing comprise a significant component of several of these expense categories. A portion of our non-share-based compensation expense and, to a lesser extent, certain operating expenses (excluding Production Costs) are denominated in the new Israeli shekel (“NIS”), which could result in variability in our operating expenses which are presented in U.S. Dollars.
Production Costs
Production Costs are primarily comprised of expenses incurred when Network Volume is transferred from Partners into Financing Vehicles, as our Partners are responsible for marketing and customer interaction and facilitating the flow of additional application flow. Accordingly, the amount and growth of our Production Costs are highly correlated to Network Volume. Additionally, but to a lesser extent, Production Costs also include expenses incurred to renovate single family residential real estate.

Research and Development
Research and development expenses primarily comprise costs associated with the maintenance and ongoing development of our network and AI technology, including personnel, allocated costs, and other development-related expenses. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred and net of amounts capitalized in accordance with US GAAP. We have invested and believe continued investments in research and development are important to achieving our strategic objectives.
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expenses, related to Partner onboarding, development, and relationship management, as well as capital markets investor engagement and marketing, are comprised primarily of salaries and personnel-related costs, as well as the costs of certain professional services, and allocated overhead. Sales and marketing expenses are expensed as incurred. Sales and marketing expenses in absolute dollars may fluctuate from period to period based on the timing of our investments in our sales and marketing functions. These investments may vary in scope and scale over future periods depending on our pipeline of new Partners and strategic investors.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses primarily comprise personnel-related costs for our executives, finance, legal and other administrative functions, insurance costs, professional fees for external legal, accounting and other professional services and allocated overhead costs. General and administrative expenses are expensed as incurred.
Other Income (loss), net
Other Income (loss), net primarily consists of changes in the fair value of warrant liabilities and other non-recurring items, including a credit-related impairment losses on investments in loans and securities.
Income Tax Expense
We account for taxes on income in accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”). We are eligible for certain tax benefits in Israel under the Law for the Encouragement of Capital Investments or the Investment Law at a reduced tax rate of 12%. Accordingly, as we generate taxable income in Israel, our effective tax rate is expected to be lower than the standard corporate tax rate for Israeli companies, which is 23%. Our taxable income generated in the United States or derived from other sources in Israel which is not eligible for tax benefits will be subject to the regular corporate tax rate in their respective tax jurisdictions.
7


Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests in our consolidated statements of operations is a result of our investments in certain of our consolidated variable interest entities (‘‘VIEs’’) and consists of the portion of the net income of these consolidated entities that is not attributable to us.

8


Results of Operations

The following table sets forth operating results for the periods indicated (in thousands, except share and per share data):

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Revenue
Revenue from fees$201,447 $185,614 $562,386 $507,241 
Other Income
Interest income10,375 13,666 30,965 43,127 
Investment income (loss)(65)4,675 656 5,670 
Total Revenue and Other Income211,757 203,955 594,007 556,038 
Production costs128,792 129,115 374,462 326,375 
Research and development (1)18,039 38,643 56,833 127,379 
Sales and marketing (1)11,339 26,579 40,197 90,229 
General and administrative (1)53,425 73,790 157,567 236,863 
Total Costs and Operating Expenses211,595 268,127 629,059 780,846 
Operating Income (Loss)
162 (64,172)(35,052)(224,808)
Other income (loss), net
(47,260)3,233 (131,135)9,846 
Loss Before Income Taxes(47,098)(60,939)(166,187)(214,962)
Income tax expense (benefit)
(1,158)6,065 10,515 25,604 
Net Loss (45,940)(67,004)(176,702)(240,566)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(24,188)7,785 (62,682)27,757 
Net Loss Attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. $(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(268,323)
Per share data:
Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. shareholders$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(268,323)
Less: Undistributed earnings allocated to participated securities— — — (12,205)
Net loss attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd. ordinary shareholders$(21,752)$(74,789)$(114,020)$(280,528)
Net loss per share attributable to Pagaya Technologies Ltd.:
Basic and Diluted (2)
$(0.03)$(0.11)$(0.16)$(0.73)
Non-GAAP adjusted net income (loss) (3)
$14,296 $(14,440)$4,167 $(28,981)
Non-GAAP adjusted net income (loss) per share:
Basic (2)
$0.02 $(0.02)$0.01 $(0.08)
Diluted (2)
$0.02 $(0.02)$0.01 $(0.08)
Weighted average shares outstanding (Class A and Class B):
Basic (2)
728,563,796 679,431,901 715,411,921 381,831,895 
Diluted (2)
796,392,671 964,179,889 738,147,927 666,968,467 

(1) The following table sets forth share-based compensation for the periods indicated below (in thousands):

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Research and development$3,467 $16,208 $8,915 $71,687 
Sales and marketing3,469 15,645 10,979 54,534 
General and administrative13,801 28,449 37,418 92,022 
Total share-based compensation in operating expenses$20,737 $60,302 $57,312 $218,243 

9


Share-based compensation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 included compensation of $45.6 million and $171.2 million, respectively, related to the vesting of certain performance-based options, which was included in research and development, sales and marking, and general and administrative expenses.
(2) Prior period amounts have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 1:186.9 stock split effected on June 22, 2022.

(3) See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
Comparison of Three Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022
Total Revenue and Other Income
Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
Revenue from fees$201,447 $185,614 $15,833 %
Interest income10,375 13,666 (3,291)(24)%
Investment income (loss)(65)4,675 (4,740)(101)%
Total Revenue and Other Income$211,757 $203,955 $7,802 %

Total revenue and other income, increased by $7.8 million, or 4%, to $211.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 from $204.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022. The increase was primarily driven by an increase in revenue from fees, partially offset by decreases in interest income and investment income.

Revenue from fees increased by $15.8 million, or 9%, to $201.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 from $185.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022. The increase was primarily due to a $17.7 million increase in Network AI fees, comprised of AI integration fees and capital markets execution fees, from $166.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 to $184.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023. The increase in Network AI fees was primarily driven by a favorable impact from AI integration fees earned from contractual fee arrangements with certain Partners which did not exist during three months ended September 30, 2022, coupled with the growth in Network Volume, which increased by 9.8% from $1.9 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2022 to $2.1 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2023. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in capital markets execution fees earned from our ABS transactions affected by tighter economic environment during the three months ended September 30, 2023. Contract fees, comprised of administration and management fees, performances fees, and servicing fees, decreased by $1.9 million from $19.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 to $17.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023, reflecting a decline in net asset values of the assets held by certain Financing Vehicles driven by higher interest rates and widening credit spreads.
Interest income decreased by $3.3 million, or 24%, to $10.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 from $13.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022. The decrease in interest income was directly related to our risk retention holdings and related securities held in our consolidated VIEs as well as certain risk retention holdings held directly by our consolidated subsidiaries. For further information, see “—Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests.” The decrease in interest income was primarily the result of changes in structure and composition of asset portfolio, partially offset by higher interest income on our cash balances.
Investment income (loss) decreased from an income of $4.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 to a loss of $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023, reflecting an unfavorable impact from the change in valuation of certain proprietary investments.

Costs and Operating Expenses
10


Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022
(in thousands)
Production costs$128,792 $129,115 
Research and development18,039 38,643 
Sales and marketing11,339 26,579 
General and administrative53,425 73,790 
Total Costs and Operating Expenses$211,595 $268,127 

Production Costs
Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
Production costs$128,792 $129,115 $(323)%
Production costs decreased by $0.3 million, or 0%, to $128.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023 from $129.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022. This decrease was primarily due to the composition of the asset classes that make up Network Volume, as well as new Partners joining our network, partially offset by increases in Network Volume.

Research and Development
Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
Research and development$18,039 $38,643 $(20,604)(53)%
Research and development costs in the three months ended September 30, 2023 decreased $20.6 million, or 53%, compared to the same period in 2022. Excluding Darwin’s contribution of $1.4 million for the 2023 period, research and development costs decreased $22.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023, primarily driven by a $20.9 million decrease in compensation expenses, including a $12.8 million decrease in share-based compensation due to the absence of the acceleration of vesting of certain performance awards which occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and decreased headcount in the 2023 period. Also contributing to the decrease was a $3.5 million decrease in expenses related to server and professional services, partially offset by a $2.4 million increase in overhead allocation and other miscellaneous costs.

Sales and Marketing
Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
Sales and marketing$11,339 $26,579 $(15,240)(57)%
Sales and marketing costs in the three months ended September 30, 2023 decreased $15.2 million, or 57%, compared to the same period in 2022. The decrease was primarily attributable to a $13.6 million decrease in compensation expenses, including a $12.2 million decrease in share-based compensation due to the absence of the acceleration of vesting of certain performance awards which occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and decreased headcount in the 2023 period. Also contributing to the decrease was a $1.6 million decrease in expenses related to marketing.

General and Administrative

Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
General and administrative$53,425 $73,790 $(20,365)(28)%
11



General and administrative costs in the three months ended September 30, 2023 decreased $20.4 million, or 28%, compared to the same period in 2022. Excluding Darwin’s contribution of $5.4 million for the 2023 period, general and administrative costs decreased $25.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023, primarily driven by a $17.0 million decrease in compensation expenses, including a $15.0 million decrease in share-based compensation due to the absence of the acceleration of vesting of certain performance awards which occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and decreased headcount in the 2023 period. Also contributing to the decrease was a $8.7 million decrease in expenses related to the public company readiness, legal and other professional services.

Other Income (Loss), net
Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
Other income (loss), net$(47,260)$3,233 $(50,493)(1562)%
Other income (loss), net decreased from income of $3.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 to a loss of $47.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2023. The decrease was due to a $37.0 million credit-related impairment loss on certain investments during the three months ended September 30, 2023 driven by changes in the fair value of investments in loans and securities as a result of fluctuations in key inputs to the discounted cash flow models used to determine fair value. We are not exposed economically to a significant portion of these fair value changes as certain investments are held within consolidated VIEs. For further information, see “—Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests.” Also contributing to the decrease were higher interest expenses of $9.7 million due to higher interest rates and increased borrowings to support business growth, and a $4.3 million unfavorable impact from the changes in fair value remeasurement of warrants.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
Income tax expense (benefit)
$(1,158)$6,065 $(7,223)(119)%
Income tax expense in the three months ended September 30, 2023 decreased $7.2 million compared to the same period in 2022. The decrease was primarily driven by tax benefit related to release of valuation allowance, as well as geographical mix of taxable net income.

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Three Months Ended September 30,
20232022Change% Change
(in thousands, except percentages)
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests$(24,188)$7,785 $(31,973)(411)%